What is in this article?:
- USDA Issues Herd Reporting Order for Swine Diseases
- Breaking down the costs
- Industry responds
Future outbreaks of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus and deltacornoavirus are getting the full attention of the ag agency, including immediate funding of $26.2 million.
Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack talks about the new Federal Order requiring farms to report disease outbreaks. The order goes into effect immediately.
Breaking down the costs
Vilsack announced $26.2 million in funding to combat these diseases to be used in a variety of programs which he also outlined:
* $3.9 million to be used by USDA's Agricultural Research Service to support vaccine development.
* $2.4 million to cooperative agreement funding for states to support management and control activities.
* $500,000 to herd veterinarians to help with development and monitoring of herd management plans and sample collection.
* $11.1 million to cost-share funding for producers of infect herds to support biosecurity practices.
* $2.4 million for diagnostic testing.
* $1.5 million to National Animal Health Laboratory Network diagnostic laboratories for genomic sequencing for newly positive herds.
The funding is available immediately and Vilsack says the agency is already requesting more funds in the 2015 budget, which he is optimistic will pass. "We don't want to see another government shutdown," he notes.
There is an enforcement component to the new rule, but Vilsack says: "I trust producers and it is in their best interest to work with us." One benefit of reporting will be access to funds as part of this program.
The APHIS Federal Order requires producers, veterinarians and diagnostic laborators to report all cases of PEDV and other new swine enteric coronavirus disease to USDA and State animal health officials. According to a USDA statement, the industry is already "seeing herds previously impacted by the viruse become re-infected, and routine and standard disease reporting will help identify the magnitude of the disease in the United States and can help determine whether additional actions are needed."
The Federal Order also requires that operations reporting these viruses work with their veterinarian or USDA or State animal health officiles to develop and implement a "reasonable management plan to address the detected virus and prevent its spread." The agency says plans will be based on "industry-recommended best practices, and include disease monitoring through testing and biosecurity measures. These steps will help to reduce virus shed in affected animals, prevent further spread of the disease, and enable continued movement of animals for production and processing."
There is concern of USDA collecting information from farmers and privacy protections that would be in place. Vilsack notes the data will be collected using the farm identification numbers which will aid in keeping information private.
Farmers are admittedly wary of government data gathering - even with USDA being a friendly collector - after the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency released private livestock data last year.
During his talk Vilsack mentioned border concerns and a potential need to strengthen the border given the potential for new diseases to enter the country.
Dr. Tom Burkgren, head of the American Association of Swine Veterinarians (AASV) notes that there are 44 diseases outside the United States that could impact the livestock industry if allowed to cross the border.