Today, Congresswoman Louise Slaughter (D-NY) reacted to a new report from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration that reveals an increased threat of antibiotic-resistant disease. The newly-released 10th National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (NARMS) Retail Meat Report for 2011 discovered alarming increases in antibiotic-resistant bacteria found on retail meats such as ground turkey and chicken – the same type of meat that is found in the refrigerators of American families.
“We are standing on the brink of a public health catastrophe,” Slaughter says. “The threat of antibiotic-resistant disease is real, it is growing and those most at risk are our seniors and children. We can help stop this threat by drastically reducing the overuse of antibiotics in our food supply, and Congress should act swiftly to do so today.”
On Feb. 23, 2011, Slaughter confirmed with the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) an alarming statistic: 80% of all antibiotics used in the United States are used not on humans but on food animals, most of which are perfectly healthy.
According to Slaughter, each year more antibiotics are fed to food animals in North Carolina than are given to all Americans. Thanks to this kind of misuse, antibiotic-resistant diseases now kill more Americans than HIV/AIDS.
The newly released NARMS Retail 2011 Report found significant increases in antibiotic-resistance among bacteria on retail meat. Fifty-one percent of bacteria found on ground turkey were resistant to ampicillin. Ampicillin is regularly used to treat illnesses such as ear infections, bladder infections, pneumonia, gonorrhea and E. coli or salmonella infection.
Meanwhile, 49.1% of the bacteria E.colifound on tested meat samples were antibiotic-resistant, while 48.4% of the bacteria C. jejuni were resistant to antibiotics.
In some cases, researchers found bacteria resistant to multiple antibiotics. The report found that 50.3% of antibiotic-resistant bacteria on ground turkey were resistant to three or more antibiotic classes.
Interestingly, no bacteria were found to be resistant to vancomycinand linezolid, two antibiotics not used in food animal production.
Rep. Slaughter is the author of the Preservation of Antibiotics for Medical Treatment Act, legislation that will preserve the effectiveness of medically important antibiotics by phasing out the use of these drugs in healthy, food-producing animals, while allowing their use for treatment of sick animals.
In addition to introducing legislation, Slaughter has called upon the FDA and the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) to take action to improve regulatory oversight, surveillance and monitoring of food-animal production and antibiotic resistance. Last year, the Governmental Accounting Agency (GAO) released a report, which found that federal agencies have made limited progress in combating the growing threat of antibiotic resistance.
NARMS is a national public health surveillance system that tracks antimicrobial resistance in foodborne bacteria. NARMS is an ongoing collaboration between FDA, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, USDA and state public health laboratories.